Pacific Resource Infrastructure Facility (PRIF)

Established in 2008 to provide technical assistance, research and knowledge products on key infrastructure issues to Pacific island countries

and as a coordination facility for the principal development partners in the region.

Samoa WASH Sector Brief

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Under the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), Samoa’s targets for improved water and sanitation service coverage are 94% and 100% respectively. Based on the WHO-UNICEF Joint Monitoring Program’s (JMP) figures for 2008, Samoa has already met its sanitation target of universal coverage but is not on track to meet its water supply goal. A higher proportion of the population was without an improved water source in 2006 than in 1990 (see Figure 1).1 There is significant variation between the JMP figures and those stated in the Government of Samoa’s Strategy for Samoa’s Development 2008-2012 in regards to both access to improved sanitation and improved water supply coverage.2 2 There is a danger that the JMP’s universal sanitation figures may overstate actual service coverage and consequently discourage further investment in this subsector. In rural areas, ‘septic tanks’ are often used to describe any tank that receives toilet waste, but a 2004 study showed that only 17% of these tanks were true septic facilities, calling into question the accuracy of JMP data. ,3