The objective of this report is to provide an overview of current knowledge related to the water sector1 across Small Island Developing States (SIDS) of the Pacific region. SIDS face a specific set of water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) challenges related to the extreme fragility of their water resources to anthropogenic impacts and climate change, the unique features of their water cycles, lack of scale, and isolation. Many of the modern water management paradigms applied elsewhere need careful reconsideration in that context.
Water & Sanitation
This report presents the 2012 benchmarking results of 22 water utilities in the Pacific Region, prepared under the direction of the Pacific Water and Wastes Association (PWWA) and with the support of the Pacific Infrastructure Advisory Centre (PIAC).
Collectively, the utilities that participated in this year’s benchmarking survey are supplying water to some 1.8 million people and provide wastewater services to approximately half a million people.
The Government of the Cook Islands are committed to supplying reliable potable water to all properties connected to the water network by 2015 / 2016. The reliable supply of potable water affords an important opportunity to provide for population and economic growth and the continuing health of local communities.
Water and wastewater services in Pacific island countries (PICs) include three broad activities: water treatment, water distribution, and wastewater treatment.
In most Pacific urban areas, these functions are the responsibility of public sector departments or state-owned enterprises. Water and wastewater services typically require large capital and maintenance expenditure throughout the life of the assets. In the Pacific, capital expenditure is often funded through donor grants and loans, but maintenance expenditure is rarely sufficient to support the useful life of the assets.
This report presents benchmarking results from 24 water utilities, 20 of which completed the 2013 benchmarking questionnaire. Collectively these utilities supply water and wastewater services in 14 countries and 2 US protectorates in the Pacific region. The report has been prepared under the direction of the Pacific Water and Wastes Association (PWWA) with support from the Pacific Region Infrastructure Facility (PRIF).
We, the 200 participants of the Sanitation and Water Conference Melbourne 2008, recognise a major international crisis. Thousands of children die from water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH)-related diseases every day. Millions more people continue to suffer ill-health, missed educational opportunities, lost productivity, indignity, and environmental degradation, with the burden falling signifi cantly on the poor and vulnerable, women and girls.
The assignment has required the development of a water and sanitation roadmap for Tarawa, focusing on the growth centre of South Tarawa, with review of the Tarawa Water Master Plan, an analysis of needs and issues and the presentation of the priority improvements for the period between 2011 and 2030 with an implementation plan and investment strategy.
The NWRP provides a framework for leadership and coordinated action in the supply of safe, adequate and financially, technically and environmentally sustainable water services to rural, outer island and urban communities in Kiribati and for the protection, conservation, sustainable use and efficient management of Kiribati’s water resources. It is directed at improving the welfare and livelihood of I-Kiribati and represents the vision of the Government of Kiribati (GoK) for the water sector.
This Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM) National Water and Sanitation Sector Plan was developed by the Cabinet-appointed National Intersectoral Water Coordination Committee (NIWCC) which reports through Minister of Mines, Energy and Rural Electrification to Cabinet of the Government of Solomon Islands (GoSI).
The large hydraulic conductivities of the coral sands mean that large rainfalls and any surface contaminants are rapidly transported through the soil to groundwater, as shown here.