The objective of this report is to provide an overview of current knowledge related to the water sector1 across Small Island Developing States (SIDS) of the Pacific region. SIDS face a specific set of water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) challenges related to the extreme fragility of their water resources to anthropogenic impacts and climate change, the unique features of their water cycles, lack of scale, and isolation. Many of the modern water management paradigms applied elsewhere need careful reconsideration in that context.
Water & Sanitation
This report presents the 2012 benchmarking results of 22 water utilities in the Pacific Region, prepared under the direction of the Pacific Water and Wastes Association (PWWA) and with the support of the Pacific Infrastructure Advisory Centre (PIAC).
Collectively, the utilities that participated in this year’s benchmarking survey are supplying water to some 1.8 million people and provide wastewater services to approximately half a million people.
The Government of the Cook Islands are committed to supplying reliable potable water to all properties connected to the water network by 2015 / 2016. The reliable supply of potable water affords an important opportunity to provide for population and economic growth and the continuing health of local communities.
Water and wastewater services in Pacific island countries (PICs) include three broad activities: water treatment, water distribution, and wastewater treatment.
In most Pacific urban areas, these functions are the responsibility of public sector departments or state-owned enterprises. Water and wastewater services typically require large capital and maintenance expenditure throughout the life of the assets. In the Pacific, capital expenditure is often funded through donor grants and loans, but maintenance expenditure is rarely sufficient to support the useful life of the assets.
This report presents benchmarking results from 24 water utilities, 20 of which completed the 2013 benchmarking questionnaire. Collectively these utilities supply water and wastewater services in 14 countries and 2 US protectorates in the Pacific region. The report has been prepared under the direction of the Pacific Water and Wastes Association (PWWA) with support from the Pacific Region Infrastructure Facility (PRIF).
We, the 200 participants of the Sanitation and Water Conference Melbourne 2008, recognise a major international crisis. Thousands of children die from water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH)-related diseases every day. Millions more people continue to suffer ill-health, missed educational opportunities, lost productivity, indignity, and environmental degradation, with the burden falling signifi cantly on the poor and vulnerable, women and girls.
The Cook Islands comprises 15 islands of which 12 are inhabited. The total land area is 240 square kilometers dispersed over an exclusive economic zone (EEZ) of 1.8 million square kilometers in the Southern Pacific Ocean.
The Tarawa Water Master Plan (TWMP) is a response to widespread public concerns over freshwater, voiced during wide spread public consultations conducted during the National Adaptation Program of Action, Kiribati Adaptation Project Phase I (KAP I).
The National Water and Sanitation Implementation Plan (National WATSAN Plan) is a 12 year integrated whole-of-government plan to implement the goals and objectives of the Solomon Islands National Water and Sanitation Policy (National WATSAN Policy) and the sector goals of the National Development Strategy 2016-35 (NDS). It is a key Government strategy for ensuring that economic development, public health and food production are not compromised by inadequate, unreliable and unsafe water supplies and lack of appropriate sanitation.
The Solomon Islands National Rural Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene Policy is the instrument governing the development, coordination, management, monitoring, evaluation, implementation and review of the provision of sustainable water supply, sanitation and hygiene development activities in the Solomon Islands. It is the first of its kind in the WASH sector and defines the responsibilities of the stakeholders within the sector, provides clear guidance towards achiving the sector aims, and promotes an integrated approach to projects.