The water and sanitation sub- sectors are an area of particular interest for PRIF. Increasing levels of support will be required to assist Pacific island countries achieve the Millennium Development Goal (MDG) target of halving the number of people without access to safe drinking water by 2015. PRIF partners are providing support for water and sanitation by building on and improving sectoral support in urban areas of Kiribati, Samoa, Solomon Islands and Vanuatu.
In Kiribati, the New Zealand Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade is leading the Kiribati Urban Development Programme which aims to develop a sector-wide model for urban management that suits Kiribati's specific context. This activity provides a range of assistance, particularly in the water and sanitation sub-sector and PRIF is supporting components of the programme which increase access to clean water and appropriate sanitation for the villages of Betio and Bairki, and provide climate proofing and off-site infrastructure for developments in Temaiku. PRIF is also supporting the preparation of the ADB-led Tarawa Sanitation Improvement Project. The project will contribute to the health of South Tarawa's population through enhanced access to improved sanitation infrastructure and services. Following the water sector workshop, convened by the Government of Kiribati in early November 2010, the design of this project was refined and technical assistance activities began in January 2011. The project contains several components including improving sanitation and hygiene practices among South Tarawa's population, effectively collecting, treating and disposing of wastewater, enhancing the efficiency of the Public Utilities Board, and supporting sanitation infrastructure maintenance.
Also in Kiribati, PRIF is supporting the development of the World Bank-led Kiribati Adaptation Program (phase III) which seeks to strengthen Kiribati's ability to provide people with safe water and maintain resilient coastal infrastructure in the face of climate change.
In Samoa, the EU is providing Water and Sanitation Sector Policy Budget Support and is working to increase access to safe drinking water and sanitation services.
In Solomon Islands, DFAT is developing the Access to Clean Water and Sanitation Initiative program which aims to improve the coverage of access to clean water, sanitation and hygiene across communities in Solomon Islands.
In Vanuatu, ADB is leading the preparation of the Port Vila Urban Development Project aimed at providing affordable, sustainable, and effective drainage and sanitation services to residents of Port Vila and surrounding areas, including those living in informal settlements. The project will support the Government of Vanuatu in providing effective storm water drainage services, improved hygiene facilities, and climate resilient and sustainable urban development.
Links to abovementioned activities (where available):
- Kiribati Adaptation Program Phase III (available soon)
- Preparing the Tarawa Sanitation Improvement Project (available soon)
PRIF is also undertaking some analytical work on behalf of the PRIF partners to determine how PRIF can best provide support to the water and sanitation and waste management sub-sectors, particularly in the areas of rural water and sanitation and water security in fragile atoll environments. This work will look to define key issues and directions for future support and an overview of assistance being provided by all donors active in the sector. In particular, in Kiribati PRIF is providing support to the Ministry of Public Works and Utilities and to the Ministry of Finance and Economic Development for the evaluation and strengthening of South Tarawa's Water Supply, Sanitation and Solid Waste Management sector.
Further Urban Development resources:
Sector working group